Union Public Service Commission
|Union Public Service Commission|
|Formation||October 1, 1926 (85 years ago)|
|Location||Dholpur House, Shah Jahan Road, New Delhi – 110001|
The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is the central agency authorized to conduct the Civil Services Examination, Combined Defence Services Examination, National Defence Academy Examination, Naval Academy Examination and Combined Medical Services Examination.
The agency’s charter is granted by the Constitution of India. Articles 315 to 323 of Part XIV of the constitution, titled Services Under the Union and the States, provide for a Public Service Commission for the Union and for each state.
The Royal Commission on the Superior Civil Services in India under the Chairmanship of Lord Lee submitted its Report in 1924 recommending of setting up of the Public Service Commission which led to the establishment of the ﬁrst Public Service Commission on October 1, 1926 under the Chairmanship of Sir Ross Barker.
The first Public Service Commission was set up in response to demands that more Indians be inducted into the Indian Civil Services. Until then, most senior positions in the civil services were occupied by the British. The function of this first commission were largely advisory and it lacked any authority, and as such it failed to have a meaningful impact on the composition of the service. Following further Indian demands, the British Indian government then set up a Federal Public Service Commission and provided for the formation of provincial level Public Service Commissions under the Government of India Act, 1935.
After the independence of India in 1947, its new constitution envisaged a key role for the civil services in government. The constitution provided for the UPSC and the state PSCs, to set the standards and qualifications for entry to these key services of the government. If requested by the Governor of a state and approved by the President, the UPSC may work for a state, as in Manipur Public Service Commission and Kerala Public Service Commission.
Functions of the Commission
Functions of the UPSC are to conduct examinations for appointment to the services of the Union.
1. Recruitment to services & posts under the Union through conduct of competitive examinations- This is the regular mode of recruitment where an examination is conducted followed by an interview. The annual list of competitive exams is:
2. Recruitment to services & posts under the Central Government by direct selection: This type of recruitment is done to fill immediate/ irregular job vacancies. It is generally done through direct interviews, but sometimes, a written test is conducted preceding the interview.
3. On the suitability of officers for appointment on promotion as well as transfer-on-deputation
4. Advising the Government on all matters relating to methods of Recruitment to various services and posts
5. Disciplinary cases relating to different civil services
6. Miscellaneous matters relating to grant of extra ordinary pensions, reimbursement of legal expenses etc.
Source :upsc website and wikipedia