India History-Famous Mughal Buildings

Famous Mughal Buildings :

Babar : Built two mosques: one at Kabulibagh in Panipat and the other in Sambhal in Rohilkhand.

Buildings in Humayun Empire :

  • Laid the foundation of the city Din Panah at Delhi.
  • Built Jamali Mosque and the Mosque of Isa Khan at Delhi.
  • Humayun’s tomb is called the prototype of Taj Mahal. It was built by his widow Haji Begum.

Akbar Buildings :

  • Built Agra fort (in red sandstone).
  • He also built Fatehpur Sikri (city of victory) near Agra. In Fatehpur Sikri are the Panch Mahal, Diwan-I-Khas, Diwan-I-Aam, Jodhabai’s palace and Sheikh Salim Chishti’s tomb. Buland Darwaza (53 m high) is located here, commemorating the emperor’s conquest of Gujarat.
  • Built his own tomb at Sikandra, near Agra.
  • Built the temple of Govindadeva at Vrindavan.

Buildings in Jahangir Mughal Empire :

  • With Jahangir’s reign, the practice of putting up buildings in marble and decorating the walls with floral designs made of semi-precious stones started. This method of decoration was known as Pietra Dura.
  • Nurjahan built the tomb of Itmad-ud-Daula at Agra.
  • Jahangir built Moti Masjid at Lahore and his own mausoleum at Shahdara (Lahore).

Shahjahan Architecture :

  • Built Taj Mahal, Moti Masjid at Agra, Jama Masjid and Red Fort at Delhi, Shalimar Bagh at Lahore and city of Shahjahanabad.
  • Also built Mussaman Burz at Agra (where he spent his last years in captivity), Sheesh Mahal, etc.
  • He got the peacock throne built by Bebadal Khan on which Amir Khusrau’s couplet – ‘If there is a paradise on earth, it is here’, inscribed on it.

Aurangzeb Architecture :

  • Built Moti Masjid at Delhi and Badshahi Mosque at Lahore.
  • Built Bibi ka Makbara in Aurangabad.

Author: gktoday

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.