Chromium is a common element,with about 21st in natural abundance among the elements in crustal rocks.Many precious stones owe their colour to the presence of chromium compounds.
It can replace part of the aluminum or iron in many minerals,imparting to them their unique colors and it can take on a high polish.Its name is derive fromthe Greek word Chroma (colour) due to the various colour of its compounds.
It is obtain by reducing it’s oxide
+6,+5,+4,+3,+2,-1,-2 (Strongly acidic)
EXAMPLES OF COMPOUND PRESENT
Chromic oxide, Potassium dichromate, lead chromate
* Chromium makes up 10 percent or more of the final composition of the stainless steels.
* Due to its hardness,an alloy of chromium,cobalt and tungsten is used for high-speed metal-cutting tools.
* It is used extensively as a refractory due to its high melting point,its moderate thermal expansion and the stability of its crystalline structure.
* It serve as an important ingredient in several catalysts.