Geoffrey Chaucer , known as the Father of English literature, is widely considered the greatest English poet of the Middle Ages . Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1343 – 25 October 1400) is ranked as one of the greatest poets of the late Middle Ages and his burial in Westminster Abbey begins the tradition of ‘poet’s corner’, last resting place of England’s most celebrated writers. He was admired for his philosophy as well as for his poetic talents. His best-known works are ‘The Canterbury Tales’ and ‘Troilus and Criseyde’, which demonstrate his extraordinary range. Most notably, Chaucer wrote in his vernacular English, as opposed to Latin or French, and also translated many important Continental works, such as Boccacio”s ‘The Decameron’ and Boethius”s ‘Consolation of Philosophy into English’. The popularity of Chaucer”s works written in the London dialect of Middle English gave rise to this dialect”s prominence and eventual status as modern English”s predecessor.
Born: 1343, London, England
Died: October 25, 1400, London, England
Nationality: Kingdom of England
Spouse: Philippa Roet (m. 1366-1387)
Parents: Agnes Copton, John Chaucer
Children: Thomas Chaucer, Elizabeth Chaucer, Lewis Chaucer, Agnes Chaucer