Gold is a soft, dense, bright yellow metallic element. It is the most malleable and ductile of all the metals in its pure form. It can easily be beaten or hammered to a thickness of 0.000013 cm, and 29 g could be drawn into a wire 100 km (62 mi) long.
Gold has a high luster and a good conductor of heat and electricity. It is extremely inactive. It is unaffected by air, heat, moisture, and most solvents. It will, however, dissolve in aqueous mixtures containing various halogens such as chlorides, bromides, or some iodides.
It occur as a free element or extract in the process of its constituent ore
Copper / coinage Group
Quartz veins, Electrum, Gold amalgam
EXAMPLES OF COMPOUND PRESENT
Potassium gold cyanide
* Gold is used in dentistry and radioisotopes of gold are used in biological research and in the treatment of cancer.
* Due to its relative rarity, gold became used as currency and as a basis for international monetary transactions.
* Precipitate of finely divided gold and stannic hydroxide formed by the interaction of auric chloride and stannous chloride, is used in coloring ruby glass.
* Gold is mostly used for jewelry due to its value, beauty and resistance to corrosion.